Seliger And Shohamy 1989.pdf
Second Language Research Methods by Seliger and Shohamy
Second Language Research Methods is a book written by Herbert W. Seliger and Elana Goldberg Shohamy, published by Oxford University Press in 1989. The book is a comprehensive guide to research methods in second language acquisition and bilingualism, covering topics such as research questions, hypotheses, naturalistic and experimental research, data collection, and validation of research instruments. The book also includes examples and activities for readers to apply the concepts and techniques discussed in each chapter.
The book is based on a set of four research parameters that the authors propose as a framework for conducting second language research. These parameters are:
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The nature of the phenomenon under investigation, which can be linguistic, cognitive, social, or educational.
The type of research, which can be descriptive, explanatory, or predictive.
The mode of inquiry, which can be qualitative or quantitative.
The level of control, which can be naturalistic or experimental.
The book is divided into three parts. The first part introduces the basic concepts and issues in second language research, such as the definition of second language, the distinction between second and foreign language, the role of theory and hypothesis, and the ethical considerations in conducting research. The second part discusses the various methods and techniques for collecting and analyzing data in second language research, such as observation, interviews, questionnaires, tests, corpora, statistics, and computer software. The third part provides examples of actual research studies that illustrate the application of the research parameters and methods discussed in the previous parts.
The book is intended for students and researchers who are interested in learning more about the field of second language research. It is also suitable for teachers and practitioners who want to conduct their own research or evaluate existing research in second language education. The book is written in a clear and accessible style, with ample illustrations and exercises to facilitate understanding and practice. The book also includes references for further reading and an index for easy reference.
Second Language Research Methods is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about the methods and issues involved in second language research. It is one of the most cited books in the field of applied linguistics , and has been praised for its comprehensive coverage, practical orientation, and user-friendly presentation.